- Post-doctoral fellow (PI: David Tobin), Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Duke University, Durham, USA. Research work: Organization and regulation of tuberculous granuloma formation.
- Post-doctoral fellow (PI: Gary Johnson), Department of Pharmacology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA. Research work: MAP3K regulation of tumor growth and metastasis in vivo.
- PhD candidate (PIs: Gary Johnson and Henrik Dohlman), Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA. Research work: MAP3K regulation of MAPK activation, tumor growth and metastasis.