Animals in research at the MPIIB in numbers
Overview on animals in research at the Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology
The number of animals used by MPIIB in animal studies are shown in the graph below. Mice were used significantly more frequently in animal experiments than zebrafish in recent years. The closure of the Molecular Biology and Immunology departments in 2019 and 2020 has significantly reduced the number of mice used in 2020. In contrast, the number of zebrafish has doubled from 2019 to 2020―in part due to the studies of the In Vivo Cell Biology of Infections group which uses a zebrafish model for tuberculosis research.
Together with the annual reporting of laboratory animal numbers, we submit information of burden and severity levels of animal experiments to the authorities (Landesamt für Gesundheit und Soziales Berlin). The classification of stress levels are defined in Directive 2010/63/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 September 2010 on the protection of animals used for scientific purposes.
The exact definitions at a glance are:
Non-recovery: procedures in which animals are killed for scientific purposes without pre-treatment, or experiments performed entirely under general anaesthesia from which the animal shall not recover consciousness, are classified as "non-recovery". The former accounts for by far the largest proportion of animals killed for experimental purposes and, although not considered an animal experiment under the Animal Welfare Act, is included in the annual laboratory animal report as a loading level of "non-recovery".
Mild: Procedures that cause short-term minor pain, suffering or harm to animals and procedures that do not significantly affect the welfare or general condition of animals are classified as "mild".
Moderate: procedures that cause short-term moderate pain, suffering, or harm to animals, or long-term minor pain, and procedures that cause moderate impairment to the welfare or general condition of animals are classified as "moderate".
Severe: Procedures that cause severe pain, suffering, or harm to animals, or prolonged moderate pain, suffering, or harm, and procedures that cause severe impairment of the welfare or general condition of the animals are classified as "severe".
In over half of all animal experiments at MPIIB in the two years 2019/2020, animals were subjected to only minor stress—classified as “mild”. Another large proportion of reported animals were killed painlessly for scientific purposes, for example to collect cell or tissue samples. They are included in the statistics under "non-recovery". A very small number of animals were severely stressed in experiment. Here, the number of severely stressed animals in 2020 was halved compared to the previous year—from 1.1% to 0.5% of all experiments. In these experiments, the scientists are obliged to monitor the stress closely and to reduce it as far as possible by appropriate methods (e.g. special feed and painkillers).